Included below is a translation of the recent fatwa that was signed by 40 Scholars in Egypt. Although a fatwa is not binding upon the masses, I thought it would be good to reflect on the idea of Jihaad at this time. After I finished reading, I couldn't help but think about the condition of the Muslim ummah around the world at this point in time. Are we ready for Jihad?
Jihaad [struggling and striving for the sake of Allah] is a part of Islam, and often times in the America we spend more time on the defensive rather then thinking about this concept in a holistic sense. Jihaad includes an internal aspect, which we struggle with our personal desires, as well as an external aspect where we struggle against the oppressor.
By: A group of scholars and callers in Egypt
All praise is due to Allāh, Lord of the Worlds. There is no deity worthy of worship but Him, the All-Powerful, the Able, the All-Mighty, the Triumphant, the One, the Subduer. Nothing escapes him on the Earth or in the heavens. And may the Blessings and Peace [of Allāh] be upon our Prophet Muhammad, the slave of Allāh and His Messenger, the Imām of the Mujāhidīn and the commander of the conquerers.
Indeed the events occurring now on one of the lands of Islām and the Muslims, in the land of Gaza in Palestine the Resistant, from unconcealed transgression and massacres, are spurned by all values and morals, and are rejected by all humanity. [These events] forced those of us who have signed this proclamation – a group of the scholars and callers of our beloved Egypt – to clarify our opinion so as to have an excuse in front of Allāh 'Azza Wa Jall, and in clarification to the people.
Firstly: Indeed the blessed land of Palestine, which Allāh has blessed in His Book, is an Islāmic land in every sense of the word. Within it was the first of the two Qiblahs, and in it is the second of the two Masjids and the third of the holy sanctuaries, and it was the place of our Messenger's, صلى الله عليه و سلم, ascension. Therefore, it is not permissible for anyone, whoever he may be, to give up this land, or even a part of it, to the non-Muslims.
سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلاً مِّنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الأَقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ لِنُرِيَهُ مِنْ آيَاتِنَا إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ البَصِيرُ
Glorified (and Exalted) is He (Allāh) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him] Who took His slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid-al-Harām (at Makkah) to Al-Masjid-al-Aqsā (in Jerusalem), the neighborhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayāt Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer
Secondly: The global zionist movement manifested in the state of Israel, they are the people strongest in enmity towards the believers throughout their history. Their enmity to Allāh and His Prophets and Messengers is overflowing, and they are behind every evil, and behind every corruption. They nullified the covenants and they made the prohibited permissible, and betrayed and made an example of everyone who dealt with them and came close to them. And they usurped the land of Palestine at the expense of its humble people and Muslim inhabitants, with continuous oppressive, transgressive support from the west.
لَتَجِدَنَّ أَشَدَّ النَّاسِ عَدَاوَةً لِّلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ الْيَهُودَ وَالَّذِينَ أَشْرَكُواْ
Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers (Muslims) the Jews and those who are Al-Mushrikūn
And these Israeli zionists are an occupying gang who usurped the land of Palestine, but the rights must be returned to its people no matter the length of the time that has passed, and we will not be pleased with and we will not accept this tyrannical occupation of this Holy Land by this gang of zionists.
Third: Al-Jihād in the Path of Allāh and armed resistance is the strategic option for the return of the usurped land and the plundered rights. The zionists do not know the language of dialogue and do not understand the meaning of peace. Their Manhaj (methodology) is that of killing and causing corruption upon the earth. Therefore, we believe and we are certain that the only language they understand is the language of Jihād, by all of its ways. And Jihād should not be stopped except after the expulsion of the last Zionist from the land of Palestine.
وَأَعِدُّواْ لَهُم مَّا اسْتَطَعْتُم مِّن قُوَّةٍ وَمِن رِّبَاطِ الْخَيْلِ تُرْهِبُونَ بِهِ عَدْوَّ اللّهِ وَعَدُوَّكُمْ
And make ready against them all you can of power, including steeds of war (tanks, planes, missiles, artillery) to threaten the enemy of Allāh and your enemy
Fourthly: Those who took the path of Jihād and resistance as their path, and carried their souls upon their palms and put forth their martyrs and their wealth and sacrificed what is expensive and dear to them as a price in order to free this land, despite the military apparatus that is possessed by the enemy and despite their criminal offensive power that makes its blind hatred towards everything that is Muslim known, these people are from the Victorious Party by the Permission of Allāh, and they are worthy of support and assistance and aid.
Fifthly: And here we remind and we assert that the role of the masses is in aiding this cause, and their Shar'ī obligation that our Religion has mandated for us is Jihād in the Path of Allāh in every sense of the word, and offering financial aid and boycotting Israel in every possible way, economically, politically, culturally on an equal level, as well as boycotting those who prop up Israel in the East or the West, and rejecting normalization [of relations] in every way. And we assert the prohibition of interacting with the zionist entities and those who prop them up in any of the ways of interaction and normalization.
And it is obligatory for us to stand under His Ta'ālā's Statement,
وَلاَ تَهِنُوا وَلاَ تَحْزَنُوا وَأَنتُمُ الأَعْلَوْنَ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ * إِن يَمْسَسْكُمْ قَرْحٌ فَقَدْ مَسَّ الْقَوْمَ قَرْحٌ مِّثْلُهُ وَتِلْكَ الأيَّامُ نُدَاوِلُهَا بَيْنَ النَّاسِ وَلِيَعْلَمَ اللّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ وَيَتَّخِذَ مِنكُمْ شُهَدَاء وَاللّهُ لاَ يُحِبُّ الظَّالِمِينَ
So do not become weak (against your enemy), nor be sad, and you will be superior (in victory) if you are indeed (true) believers. If a wound (and killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound (and killing) has touched the others. And so are the days (good and not so good), We give to men by turns, that Allāh may test those who believe, and that He may take martyrs from among you. And Allāh likes not the Thālimūn (wrong-doers)
And it is upon the entire Ummah to unify and gather like the heart of one man, everyone undertaking what is obligatory upon him, and leaving all forms of hated difference which hinders Jihād in the Path of Allāh.
وَاعْتَصِمُواْ بِحَبْلِ اللّهِ جَمِيعاً وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُواْ وَاذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَتَ اللّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ كُنتُمْ أَعْدَاء فَأَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُم بِنِعْمَتِهِ إِخْوَاناً
And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allāh (i.e. this Qur'ān), and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allāh's Favor on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren
This is a proclamation to the people, and it is upon everyone to shoulder the responsibility. And as for the honored Mujāhidīn in Palestine's Gaza, and in any area of the usurped Muslim lands, then we say to them, indeed you have paid your blood as a tax of faith and honor and nobility, so be steadfast and persevere and have patience, and Allāh is with you and will not make your actions in vain.
الَّذِينَ قَالَ لَهُمُ النَّاسُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ قَدْ جَمَعُواْ لَكُمْ فَاخْشَوْهُمْ فَزَادَهُمْ إِيمَاناً وَقَالُواْ حَسْبُنَا اللّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ
Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, "Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them." But it (only) increased them in Faith, and they said: "Allāh (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us)
1 – Dr. Nasr Farīd Wāsil
2 - Dr. Zaghlūl An-Najjār
3 - Dr. 'Abdus-Sattār Fat'h-Allāh Sa'īd
4 - Dr. Muhammad 'Umārah
5 - Dr. Muhammad 'Abdul-Mun'im Al-Barrī
6 - Dr. Abdul-Fattāh Ash-Shaykh
7 – Dr. Safwat Hijāzī
8 – Shaykh Jamāl Qutb
9 – Shaykh Ahmad Al-Mihlāwī
10 – Dr. Abdul-Halīm 'Uways
11 – Dr. Muhammad Ra'fat 'Uthmān
12 – Dr. 'Abdullāh Barakāt
13 – Dr. 'Abdullāh Samak
14 – Shaykh Abū Ishāq Al-Huwaynī
15 – Shaykh Hāzim Salāh Abū Ismā'īl
16 – Shaykh Muhammad Jibrīl
17 – Dr. Salāh Sultān
18 – Shaykh Ahmad Halīl
19 – Dr. Muhammad As-Saghīr
20 – Shaykh Sālim Abūl-Futūh
21 – Dr. Ahmad Al-'Assāl
22 – Dr. Hāzim As-Sarsāwī
23 – Dr. 'Abdur-Rahmān Fawdah
24 – Shaykh Muhammad Mustafā
25 – Dr. Husayn Shajā'ah
26 – Dr. Sālih Hārūn
27 – Shaykh Salāmah 'Abdul-Qawī
28 – Dr. Jamāl 'Abdul-Hādī
29 – Dr. Hasan 'Abdū
30 – Shaykh Muhammad 'Abdul-Fattāh
31 – Dr. Ahmad Abū Khadījah
32 – Dr. 'Alā' As-Sayyid 'Abdur-Rahīm
33 – Dr. 'Umar Ibn 'Abdil-'Azīz
34 – Shaykh Rajab Zakī
35 – Dr. Māzin As-Sarsāwī
36 – Shaykh Ahmad Sabrī
37 – Shaykh Ahmad Al-Juhaynī
38 – Shaykh Mathhar Amīn
39 – Shaykh 'Alī Abul-Hasan
40 – Shaykh Mustafā Al-Azharī